Author: Albert Camus
Albert Camus (1913-1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist. He is best known for his philosophy of absurdism, which explores the tension between the human desire for meaning and the inherent meaninglessness of the universe. Camus believed that life's fundamental question is whether to commit suicide or to embrace the absurdity of existence. One of Camus' most famous works is "The Stranger" (L'Étranger), a novel that reflects his ideas on the philosophy of the absurd. It tells the story of Meursault, a detached and indifferent protagonist who struggles with societal norms and confronts the absurdity of life through a series of events. Camus also wrote extensively on existentialism, ethics, and the concept of rebellion against social oppression. His essay, "The Myth of Sisyphus," explores the theme of the absurd in depth and questions the value of existence. In this essay, he famously states that one must imagine Sisyphus happy, as the act of pushing the boulder up the hill becomes an act of defiance against the meaninglessness of life. Throughout his career, Camus was actively involved in political and social issues, especially during the Second World War and the Algerian War. He criticized both communism and colonialism, advocating for individual freedom and justice. Camus received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1957 for his significant literary contributions, particularly his novels, plays, and essays. His writings continue to inspire readers worldwide, provoking contemplation on themes such as the human condition, morality, and the pursuit of happiness in an absurd world.